Tropical Health and Medical Research Journal Editors receive a scientific article in the form of research, scientific analysis of secondary data, policy analysis, and assessment (review) about current topics in medical laboratory’s field. Scripts are written in Indonesian or English, has never been published or are being submitted for publication in other media. The scripts that has been submitted will be discussed by the Editorial Board with the experts according to their field to determine is it qualified to be published. For the published script, the Editorial Board reserves the right to edit the script as long he does not change the meaning or the content of the article for purposes of arrangement. The submitted script must be in accordance with the systematics, i.e :
1. The script should be sent in hardcopy or electronic file. Typed using Microsoft Word, spacing of 1.5 lines, Arial 12, the number of pages 10-20, with A4 paper.
2. The script for the systematic writing research results follow the rules as follows:
a. The concise title in Indonesian and English using capital letters maximum 14 words;
b. Authors Identity include: the author's name without the degree (placed after the title). The origin of the author and institution address and e-mail address of the main author / corresponding author;
c. Abstract along with keywords written in two languages (Indonesian and English). Abstract created clear and concise, written in one paragraph with the number of words for Indonesian 200-250 and 150-200 for English. Abstract includes: introduction (background), purpose (objective), method (method), outcomes (results), discussion (conclusion), accompanied with 3-5 keywords (keywords).
d. Introduction contains the problem that will be analyze, important background information, as well as the purpose of the research;
e. Methods include study design, sample / participant, variable, data source / measurement, analysis method, and statistical methods;
f. Results presented the main outcomes of the related problem that will be analyze;
g. Discussion of the main results, interpretation, comparison with previous research, and the limitations of the study;
h. The conclusion is written in narrative form (not a pointer), and not the conclusion of the table or statistical test;
i. Suggestions (optional) written in narrative form (not a pointer);
j. Gratitude written in narrative form (not a pointer), addressed to the professionals who help the preparation of the manuscript, giving technical support, funding, and support of the institution;
k. Tables and Figures, number and title of the table is written at the top of the table, while the number and title of the picture was written after the picture is presented.
l. Symbols, abbreviations or acronyms can be used after their explanation or meaning.
m. Referral at least 10 references (primary reference approximately 80%). It is advisable to use the newest publication, preferably the last 5 years (maximum 10 years), written using Harvard APA Style Format
n. Referral and citations using the enclosed reference’s technique (last name, year). Inclusion of direct sources should be accompanied by the page number of the citations. Example: (Davis, 2015: 49)
o. Writing Bibliography Based on Harvard APA Style Format
The writing style bibliography according to APA (American Psychological Association) is a style that follows the Harvard format. Some characteristics of writing with APA bibliography style are :
1) The date of publication is written after the author’s name.
2) References in the body text refers to an item in the bibliography by writing the author’s last name (surname) followed the publication date written between parenthesis.
3) The order of the bibliography is based on the author's last name. If a reference is anonymous ( has no author’s name ) reference’s title used in order to arrange it between preferences, which is still arranged based on the author’s last name.
4) The references are not divided into sections based on the type of literature, such as books, journals and so on.
5) The title references written in italic. If the bibliography in a handwriting, underline the title.
6) Based on the type of reference, here are the guidelines and examples of writing a bibliography based on APA style:
The basic pattern of writing a reference from books are:
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Title of book (edition if the edition is more than one). Place of publication: Publisher.
The important thing is the book’s title which is written in italic using capital letter have to follow the standards of writing sentences. The number of authors who can be registered maximum six references. If the author’s more than six, the seventh’s author and others will write as et al.
Bray, J., & Sturman, C. (2001). Bluetooth: Connect without wires. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Forouzan, B.A., & Fegan, S.C. (2007). Data communications and networking (4th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Writing books with editor using (Ed) for one editor and (Eds.) for more than one, example :
Maher, B. A. (Ed.). (1964–1972). Progress in experimental personality research (6 vols.). New York: Academic Press.
The basic pattern of writing references from the article :
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Title of article. Journal title, volume number - if exist (issue number), page numbers from the beginning and the end of the article.
The important thing is writing the article title and journal title. Capitalized on writing the article title is used by following the standard of writing sentences. Obtained on writing journal titles are written according to the rules of writing the title. Only the title of the journal written in italic.
Tseng, Y.C., Kuo, S.P., Lee, H.W., & Huang, C.F. (2004). Location tracking in a wireless sensor network by mobile agents and its data fusion strategies. The Computer Journal, 47(4), 448–460.
Paper published in the proceedings
Writing pattern for references using paper is :
Author Last Name, Initials. (Year of publication). Title of article editors initial Editor’s last name (Ed.), Title of proceedings (pp. The first page - previous page). Place of publication: Publisher.
Fang, Q., Zhao, F., & Guibas, L. (2003). Lightweight sensing and communication protocols for target enumeration and aggregation. In M. Gerla, A. Ephremides, & M. Srivastava (Eds.), MobiHoc ’03 fourth ACM symposium on mobile ad hoc networking and computing (pp. 165–176). New York, NY: ACM Press.
The basic pattern of writing web pages for references are;
Author Last Name, Initials. (The sites created the year or the year of publication of the document). The title of the paper. Retrieved from a source site. The rules are:
a. If the date does not exist then use n.d.
b. If the author's name is not listed, the organization's name can write as an author.
c. If the author did not exist then begin the reference with the title of the document.
d. If the text is part of a big website, then say the name of its organization and departments followed by the character: and the address of the site.
Banks, I. (n.d.). The NHS Direct healthcare guide. Retrieved from http://www.healthcareguide.nhsdirect.nhs.uk
Alexander, J., & Tate, M. A. (2001). Evaluating web resources. Retrieved from Widener University, Wolfgram Memorial Library website: http://www2.widener.edu/Wolfgram-Memorial-Library/webevaluation/webeval.html
Bibliographic references Harvard format APA style. (2011). Recovered from University of Portsmouth. Website: http://www.port.ac.uk/library/guides/filetodownload,137568,en.pdf