Author Guidelines

Tropical Health and Medical Research Journal Editors receive a scientific article in the form of research, scientific analysis of secondary data, policy analysis, and assessment (review) about current topics in medical laboratory’s field. Scripts are written in English only, has never been published or are being submitted for publication in other media. The scripts that has been submitted will be discussed by the Editorial Board with the experts according to their field to determine is it qualified to be published. For the published script, the Editorial Board reserves the right to edit the script as long he does not change the meaning or the content of the article for purposes of arrangement. The submitted script must be in accordance with the systematics, i.e :

1. The script should be sent in hardcopy or electronic file. Typed using Microsoft Word, spacing of 1 lines, Arial font with size 12, 6-10 pages, with A4 paper.
2. The script for the systematic writing research results follow the rules as follows:
a. The concise title in English using capital letters maximum 14 words;
b. Authors Identity include: the author's name without the degree (placed after the title). The origin of the author and institution address and e-mail address of the main author / corresponding author;
c. Abstract along with keywords written in English only. Abstract created clear and concise, written in one paragraph with 150-200 words. Abstract includes: introduction (background), purpose (objective), method (method), outcomes (results), discussion (conclusion), accompanied with 3-5 keywords (keywords).
d. Introduction contains the problem that will be analyze, important background information, as well as the purpose of the research;
e. Methods include study design, sample / participant, variable, data source / measurement, analysis method, and statistical methods;
f. Results presented the main outcomes of the related problem that will be analyze;
g. Discussion of the main results, interpretation, comparison with previous research, and the limitations of the study;
h. The conclusion is written in narrative form (not a pointer), and not the conclusion of the table or statistical test;
i. Suggestions (optional) written in narrative form (not a pointer);
j. Gratitude written in narrative form (not a pointer), addressed to the professionals who help the preparation of the manuscript, giving technical support, funding, and support of the institution;
k. Tables and Figures, number and title of the table is written at the top of the table, while the number and title of the picture was written after the picture is presented.
l. Symbols, abbreviations or acronyms can be used after their explanation or meaning.
m. Referral at least 10 references (primary reference approximately 80%). It is advisable to use the newest publication, preferably the last 5 years (maximum 10 years), written using Vancouver Style Format
n. Writing Bibliography Based on Vancouver Style Format
Some characteristics of writing with Vancouver bibliography style are :

• A number in parentheses (round brackets), placed in the text of the essay, indicates the relevant reference.

 Citations are numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and each citation corresponds to a numbered reference, containing publication information about the source cited, in the reference list at the end of the publication, essay or assignment.

 Once a source has been cited, the same number is used in all subsequent citations.

 No distinction is made between print and electronic references when citing within the text.

 Here are some examples of this kind of referencing :

The largest lesion in the first study was 10 cm (13).
The theory was first put forward in 1987 (1).
Scholtz (2) has argued that...
Several recent studies (3, 4, 15, 16) have suggested that...
For example, see (7).

 It is not necessary to mention either the author(s) or the date of the reference unless it is relevant to your text.

 It is not necessary to say "In reference (26) ...", "In (26) ..." is sufficient.

Based on the type of reference, here are the guidelines and examples of writing a bibliography based on Vancouver style:

The basic pattern of writing a reference from books are:

  Only the author's initials are included regardless of the presentation of the author's name in the source document.

  Capitalisation practice should be consistent.

  Titles and subtitles of books are given minimal capitalisation.

  Only the first letter of the first word of the title and proper nouns (the names of peoples, place or organisations, etc.) are capitalised.

  Capitalise the "v" in Volume for a book title.

  Information about places of publication should folllow the guidelines for place names.

1. Hoppert M. Microscopic techniques in biotechnology. Weinheim (Germany): Wiley-VCH; 2003.
2. Gilstrap LC, Cunningham FG, Van Dorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.

Journal Article
The basic pattern of writing references from the article : 

DOI available: Author A, Author B. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal. year;vol(no):page numbers. doi:10.XXX/XXXXX.XX.

No DOI available: Author A, Author B. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal [format]. year [cited year abbreviated month day];vol(no):page numbers. Available from: Internet address.
1. Scholz T. Evidence based medicine: from science to patient. J Tissue Sci Eng. 2012;3:e113. doi: 10.4172/2157-7552.1000e113.

2. Sillick TJ, Schutte NS. Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Jnl Appl Psych [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2010 Aug 6];2(2):38–48. Available from:

The basic pattern of writing web pages for references are;
#. Author A, Author B. Document title. Webpage name [format]. Source/production information; Date of internet publication [cited year month day]. Available from: URL.
Example :
1. Australia. Department of Health and Aged Care.  National youth suicide prevention strategy [Internet]. Canberra: The Department; 2000 [cited 2005 Jul 1]. Available from:

2. Stanley F. Information page: Professor Fiona Stanley. Telethon Institute for Child Health Research [Internet]. Perth: The Institute; 2005 [cited 2005 Jun 30]. Available from:

3. Flower R. How a simple formula for resolving problems and conflict can change your reality. 2015, Jun 1 [cited 2015 Jun 9]. In: Pick the Brain: grow yourself [Internet]. Available from